There are Lots of marvelous things to Discover in ETHIOPIA, both natural and man-made. Among those wonderful things the great historical sites which are built by our ancient civilizations are the one.
THESE Breathtaking and incredible Cultural and Historical site built by ancient civilizations is called “Dirre Sheikh Hussein” Located in the Bale Mountains, South Eastern part of Ethiopia. It is a 12th century Islamic centre of pilgrimage for people coming from different corners of the country, and Islamic communities of the Horn and the Middle East countries, twice a year. Dirre Sheik Hussein is a site of magnificent groups of buildings, monumental tombs and courts representing early medieval period of Islamic architecture and buildings of significant engineering qualities. The Shrine is named after an ancient Muslim holy man who was the religious leader called Sheikh Nur Husein bin Malka who was reputed for his religious teachings, high devotion and remarkable miraculous deeds.
According to oral history, the birth of Sheikh Nur Husein, or “Sheikhana Husein” is dated back to 12th century in the same site now called Anajina. Local elders say that he was born 942 years ago from his father Malka or Sheik Ibrahim and his mother Shamsiyya. According to legend Sheikh Husein had passed 250 years alive on earth out of which he spent 50 years in a place called Sakina (in Arsi) or in a state of disappearance into spiritual life or devotion, 130 years in various parts of the world and 70 years at his Dire itself. The main attraction of the site includes:
The impressive white colored and conic shaped domes of tombs/ mosques which scattered in the site;More than 900 years old famous cultural site and its monuments built under the pious person named Sheikh Muhammad Tilmo 360 years ago. There are over ten such monuments among which the oldest one is the qubba of the Sheikh’s parents. The Sheikh’s qubba, the biggest of all, is separately fenced by stout wall around an area of more than 10,000 square. Metres; Pilgrimage visiting to the Dirré made twice a year by tens of thousands of people (pilgrim from all over Eastern, southern and western Oromia and various parts of Ethiopia).
Not all of the legends and their consequential practices which may be heard of or seen being practiced at the ‘Anajina’ are Islamic from the view point of the Shari’ah and the Islamic Monotheistic. Dire sheikh Hussein (Anajina) However, there are two annual celebration occasions at the Dire. The days are counted according to the Islamic calendar Hijirah. Thus one of the occasions is known as “Hajji”. It is in the month “Zul-Hijjah”. The peak days of this celebration are the 9th and the 10th Zul-Hijjah, or the worldwide Islamic holiday “Arafah”. The other occasion, which is known as “Zahra” is in the month “Jimadul-Thani” of the same calendar, the peak celebration days being the 14th and the 15th.
In both occasions visitors can arrive at the Dire in the afternoon of the first day to enjoy the evening /the night celebration which is the beginning of the celebration of the second peak day